Poverty in India on the Decline or Is it?

reogma|Poverty in India on the Decline or Is it?
2 mins read

Definition / Scope

According to the definition by Planning Commission of India, “poverty line is drawn with an intake of 2,400 calories in rural areas and 2,100 calories in urban areas. If a person is unable to get that much minimum level of calories, then he/she is considered as being below poverty line”.

Market Overview

In India poverty is widespread and to measure it they proposed many methods. Before 2005 Indian government official measure poverty based on food security and it was defined from per capital expenditure for a individual person to consume required calories and his essentials to service.

After 2005 Indian government adopted Tendulkar method and used rural, urban and regional with minimum expenditure per capital for survival of individual person.

Market Size and Forecast

Poverty rate map of India by prevalence in 2012

reogma|Poverty in India on the Decline or Is it?

Poverty Prevalence

In 2000’s

By referring previous data (1972 to 2000) by Saxena Committee report says separated (food or drink) containing many calories and so likely to be fattening intake apart from nominal income in its economic analysis of poverty in India, and 50% of Indians lived below the poverty line. The Planning Commission of India, informs that poverty rate was 39%.

2015
RBI (Reserve Bank of India)

The table below presents poverty statistics for rural, urban and combined, percent below poverty line for State and Union Territory.

Rural
State and Union TerritoryNo. of Persons (Thousands) Percentage of Persons Below Poverty LinePoverty line (Rs)/month
Andhra Pradesh618010.96860
Arunachal Pradesh42538.93930
Assam920633.89828
Bihar3204034.06778
Chhattisgarh889044.61738
Goa376.811090
Gujarat753521.5932
Haryana194211.641015
Himachal Pradesh5298.48913
Jammu & Kashmir107311.54891
Jharkhand1040940.84748
Karnataka928024.53902
Kerala15489.141018
Madhya Pradesh1909535.74771
Maharashtra1505624.22967
Manipur74538.81118
Meghalaya30412.53888
Mizoram19135.431066
Nagaland27619.931270
Odisha1261435.69695
Punjab13357.661054
Rajasthan841916.05905
Sikkim459.85930
Tamil Nadu592315.83880
Tripura44916.53798
Uttar Pradesh4793530.4768
Uttarakhand82511.62880
West Bengal1411422.52783
Andaman & Nicobar Islands41.57
Chandigarh01.64
Dadra & Nagar Haveli11562.59
Daman and Diu00
Delhi5012.921145
Lakshadweep00
Puducherry6917.061301
All India21665825.7816
Urban
State or Union TerritoryNo. of Persons (Thousands) Percentage of Persons Below Poverty LinePoverty line (Rs)/month
Andhra Pradesh16985.811009
Arunachal Pradesh6620.331060
Assam92120.491008
Bihar377531.23923
Chhattisgarh152224.75849
Goa384.091134
Gujarat268810.141152
Haryana94110.281169
Himachal Pradesh304.331064
Jammu & Kashmir2537.2988
Jharkhand202424.83974
Karnataka369615.251089
Kerala8464.97987
Madhya Pradesh431021897
Maharashtra47369.121126
Manipur27832.591170
Meghalaya579.261154
Mizoram376.361155
Nagaland10016.481302
Odisha123917.29861
Punjab9829.241155
Rajasthan187310.691002
Sikkim63.661226
Tamil Nadu23406.54937
Tripura757.42920
Uttar Pradesh1188426.06941
Uttarakhand33510.481082
West Bengal438314.66981
Andaman & Nicobar Islands00
Chandigarh23422.31
Dadra & Nagar Haveli2815.38
Daman and Diu2612.62
Delhi16469.841134
Lakshadweep23.44
Puducherry556.31309
All India5312513.71000
COMBINED (Rural & Urban)
State or Union TerritoryNo. of Persons (Thousands) Percentage of Persons Below Poverty Line
Andhra Pradesh78789.2
Arunachal Pradesh49134.67
Assam1012731.98
Bihar3581533.74
Chhattisgarh1041139.93
Goa755.09
Gujarat1022316.63
Haryana288311.16
Himachal Pradesh5598.06
Jammu & Kashmir132710.35
Jharkhand1243336.96
Karnataka1297620.91
Kerala23957.05
Madhya Pradesh2340631.65
Maharashtra1979217.35
Manipur102236.89
Meghalaya36111.87
Mizoram22720.4
Nagaland37618.88
Odisha1385332.59
Punjab23188.26
Rajasthan1029214.72
Sikkim518.19
Tamil Nadu826311.28
Tripura52414.05
Uttar Pradesh5981929.43
Uttarakhand116011.26
West Bengal1849819.98
Andaman & Nicobar Islands41
Chandigarh23521.81
Dadra & Nagar Haveli14339.31
Daman and Diu269.86
Delhi16969.91
Lakshadweep22.77
Puducherry1249.69
All India26978321.92
Graphical Representation of Data

All over India poverty statistics for rural, urban and combined, percent below poverty line for State and Union Territory

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reogma|Poverty in India on the Decline or Is it?reogma|Poverty in India on the Decline or Is it?

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