Introduction :: Angola


From the late 14th to the mid 19th century a Kingdom of Kongo stretched across central Africa from present-day northern Angola into the current Congo republics. It traded heavily with the Portuguese who, beginning in the 16th century, established coastal colonies and trading posts and introduced Christianity. By the 19th century, Portuguese settlement had spread to the interior; in 1914, Portugal abolished the last vestiges of the Kongo Kingdom and Angola became a Portuguese colony.

Angola scores low on human development indexes despite using its large oil reserves to rebuild since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in 1993. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost – and 4 million people displaced – during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI’s death in 2002 ended UNITA’s insurgency and cemented the MPLA’s hold on power. DOS SANTOS stepped down from the presidency in 2017, having led the country since 1979. He pushed through a new constitution in 2010. Joao LOURENCO was elected president in August 2017 and became president of the MPLA in September 2018.

Geography :: Angola


Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo

Geographic coordinates

12 30 S, 18 30 E

Map references



total: 1,246,700 sq km

land: 1,246,700 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area – comparative

Area comparison map

Land boundaries

total: 5,369 km

border countries (4): Democratic Republic of the Congo 2646 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of discontiguous Cabinda Province), Republic of the Congo 231 km, Namibia 1427 km, Zambia 1065 km


1,600 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm


semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)


narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau


mean elevation: 1,112 m

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Moca 2,620 m

Natural resources

petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium

Land use

agricultural land: 47.5% (2016 est.)

arable land: 3.9% (2016 est.) /** permanent crops:** 0.3% (2016 est.) /** permanent pasture:** 43.3% (2016 est.)

forest: 46.3% (2016 est.)

other: 6.2% (2016 est.)

Irrigated land

860 sq km (2014)

Population distribution

most people live in the western half of the country; urban areas account for the highest concentrations of people, particularly the capital of Luanda

Natural hazards

locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau

Environment – current issues

overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest, in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting in loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment – international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography – note

the province of Cabinda is an exclave, separated from the rest of the country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo

People and Society :: Angola


32,522,339 (July 2020 est.)

note: Angola’s national statistical agency projects the country’s 2017 population to be 28.4 million


noun: Angolan(s)

adjective: Angolan

Ethnic groups

Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%


Portuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6% (2014 est.)

note: most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census


Roman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)

Demographic profile

More than a decade after the end of Angola’s 27-year civil war, the country still faces a variety of socioeconomic problems, including poverty, high maternal and child mortality, and illiteracy. Despite the country’s rapid post-war economic growth based on oil production, about 40 percent of Angolans live below the poverty line and unemployment is widespread, especially among the large young-adult population. Only about 70% of the population is literate, and the rate drops to around 60% for women. The youthful population – about 45% are under the age of 15 – is expected to continue growing rapidly with a fertility rate of more than 5 children per woman and a low rate of contraceptive use. Fewer than half of women deliver their babies with the assistance of trained health care personnel, which contributes to Angola’s high maternal mortality rate.

Of the estimated 550,000 Angolans who fled their homeland during its civil war, most have returned home since 2002. In 2012, the UN assessed that conditions in Angola had been stable for several years and invoked a cessation of refugee status for Angolans. Following the cessation clause, some of those still in exile returned home voluntarily through UN repatriation programs, and others integrated into host countries.

Age structure

population pyramid

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 94.5

youth dependency ratio: 90.2

elderly dependency ratio: 4.3

potential support ratio: 23.5 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 15.9 years

male: 15.4 years

female: 16.4 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

3.43% (2020 est.)

Birth rate

42.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)

Death rate

8.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)

Net migration rate

-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)

Population distribution

most people live in the western half of the country; urban areas account for the highest concentrations of people, particularly the capital of Luanda



Major urban areas – population

8.330 million LUANDA (capital), 828,000 Lubango, 778,000 Cabinda (2020)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother’s mean age at first birth

19.4 years (2015/16 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Maternal mortality rate

241 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 62.3 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 67.8 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 56.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 61.3 years

male: 59.3 years

female: 63.4 years (2020 est.)

Total fertility rate

5.96 children born/woman (2020 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

13.7% (2015/16)

Drinking water source

improved:** urban:** 81.7% of population

rural: 36.6% of population

total: 65.8% of population

unimproved:** urban:** 18.3% of population

rural: 63.4% of population

total: 34.2% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

2.8% (2017)

Physicians density

0.21 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved:** urban:** 92.2% of population

rural: 29.2% of population

total: 70.1% of population

unimproved:** urban:** 7.8% of population

rural: 70.8% of population (2 est.)

total: 29.9% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate

2% (2018 est.)

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS

330,000 (2018 est.)

HIV/AIDS – deaths

14,000 (2018 est.)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: very high (2020)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis

animal contact diseases: rabies

Obesity – adult prevalence rate

8.2% (2016)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

19% (2016)

Education expenditures

3.4% of GDP (2010)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 71.1%

male: 82%

female: 60.7% (2015)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 10 years

male: 13 years

female: 8 years (2011)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 39.4%

male: 39%

female: 39.8% (2014 est.)

Government :: Angola

Country name

conventional long form: Republic of Angola

conventional short form: Angola

local long form: Republica de Angola

local short form: Angola

former: People’s Republic of Angola

etymology: name derived by the Portuguese from the title “ngola” held by kings of the Ndongo (Ndongo was a kingdom in what is now northern Angola)

Government type

presidential republic


name: Luanda

geographic coordinates: 8 50 S, 13 13 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: does not observe daylight savings time

etymology: originally named “Sao Paulo da Assuncao de Loanda” (Saint Paul of the Assumption of Loanda), which over time was shortened and corrupted to just Luanda

Administrative divisions

18 provinces (provincias, singular – provincia); Bengo, Benguela, Bie, Cabinda, Cuando Cubango, Cuanza-Norte, Cuanza-Sul, Cunene, Huambo, Huila, Luanda, Lunda-Norte, Lunda-Sul, Malanje, Moxico, Namibe, Uige, Zaire


11 November 1975 (from Portugal)

National holiday

Independence Day, 11 November (1975)


history: previous 1975, 1992; latest passed by National Assembly 21 January 2010, adopted 5 February 2010

amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or supported by at least one third of the National Assembly membership; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote of the Assembly subject to prior Constitutional Court review if requested by the president of the republic

Legal system

civil legal system based on Portuguese civil law; no judicial review of legislation

International law organization participation

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt


citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Angola

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President Joao Manuel Goncalves LOURENCO (since 26 September 2017); Vice President Bornito De Sousa Baltazar DIOGO (since 26 September 2017); note – the president is both chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Joao Manuel Goncalves LOURENCO (since 26 September 2017); Vice President Bornito De Sousa Baltazar DIOGO (since 26 September 2017)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

elections/appointments: the candidate of the winning party or coalition in the last legislative election becomes the president; president serves a 5-year term (eligible for a second consecutive or discontinuous term); last held on 23 August 2017 (next to be held in 2022)
election results: Joao Manuel Goncalves LOURENCO (MPLA) elected president by the winning party following the 23 August 2017 general election

Legislative branch

description: unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (220 seats; members directly elected in a single national constituency and in multi-seat constituencies by closed list proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)

elections: last held on 23 August 2017 (next to be held in August 2022)

election results: percent of vote by party – MPLA 61.1%, UNITA 26.7%, CASA-CE 9.5%, PRS 1.4%, FNLA 0.9%, other 0.5%; seats by party – MPLA 150, UNITA 51, CASA-CE 16, PRS 2, FNLA 1; composition – men 136, women 84, percent of women 38.2%

Judicial branch

highest courts: Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal de Justica (consists of the court president, vice president, and a minimum of 16 judges); Constitutional Court or Tribunal Constitucional (consists of 11 judges)

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president upon recommendation of the Supreme Judicial Council, an 18-member body chaired by the president; judge tenure NA; Constitutional Court judges – 4 nominated by the president, 4 elected by National Assembly, 2 elected by Supreme National Council, 1 elected by competitive submission of curricula; judges serve single 7-year terms

subordinate courts: provincial and municipal courts

Political parties and leaders

Broad Convergence for the Salvation of Angola Electoral Coalition or CASA-CE [Andre Mendes de CARVALHO]
National Front for the Liberation of Angola or FNLA; note – party has two factions; one led by Lucas NGONDA; the other by Ngola KABANGU
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola or UNITA [Isaias SAMAKUVA] (largest opposition party)
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola or MPLA [Joao LOURENCO]; note – Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS stepped down 8 Sept 2018 ruling party in power since 1975
Social Renewal Party or PRS [Benedito DANIEL]

International organization participation


Diplomatic representation in the US

Ambassador Joaquim do Espirito SANTO (since 16 September 2019)
chancery: 2100-2108 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: 1 785-1156

FAX: 1 822-9049
consulate(s) general: Houston, New York

Diplomatic representation from the US

chief of mission: Ambassador Nina Maria FITE (since 14 February 2018)

telephone: [244] 946440977

embassy: number 32 Rua Houari Boumedienne (in the Miramar area of Luanda), Luanda, C.P. 6468, Angola

mailing address:** international mail:** Caixa Postal 6468, Luanda;** pouch:** US Embassy Luanda, US Department of State, 2550 Luanda Place, Washington, DC 20521-2550

FAX: 244 64-1000

Flag description

two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle); red represents liberty and black the African continent; the symbols characterize workers and peasants

National symbol(s)

Palanca Negra Gigante (giant black sable antelope); national colors: red, black, yellow

National anthem


Economy :: Angola

Economy – overview

Angola’s economy is overwhelmingly driven by its oil sector. Oil production and its supporting activities contribute about 50% of GDP, more than 70% of government revenue, and more than 90% of the country’s exports; Angola is an OPEC member and subject to its direction regarding oil production levels. Diamonds contribute an additional 5% to exports. Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for most of the people, but half of the country’s food is still imported.

Increased oil production supported growth averaging more than 17% per year from 2004 to 2008. A postwar reconstruction boom and resettlement of displaced persons led to high rates of growth in construction and agriculture as well. Some of the country’s infrastructure is still damaged or undeveloped from the 27-year-long civil war (1975-2002). However, the government since 2005 has used billions of dollars in credit from China, Brazil, Portugal, Germany, Spain, and the EU to help rebuild Angola’s public infrastructure. Land mines left from the war still mar the countryside, and as a result, the national military, international partners, and private Angolan firms all continue to remove them.

The global recession that started in 2008 stalled Angolas economic growth and many construction projects stopped because Luanda accrued billions in arrears to foreign construction companies when government revenue fell. Lower prices for oil and diamonds also resulted in GDP falling 0.7% in 2016. Angola formally abandoned its currency peg in 2009 but reinstituted it in April 2016 and maintains an overvalued exchange rate. In late 2016, Angola lost the last of its correspondent relationships with foreign banks, further exacerbating hard currency problems. Since 2013 the central bank has consistently spent down reserves to defend the kwanza, gradually allowing a 40% depreciation since late 2014. Consumer inflation declined from 325% in 2000 to less than 9% in 2014, before rising again to above 30% from 2015-2017.

Continued low oil prices, the depreciation of the kwanza, and slower than expected growth in non-oil GDP have reduced growth prospects, although several major international oil companies remain in Angola. Corruption, especially in the extractive sectors, is a major long-term challenge that poses an additional threat to the economy.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$193.6 billion (2017 est.)
$198.6 billion (2016 est.)
$203.9 billion (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

GDP (official exchange rate)

$126.5 billion (2017 est.)

GDP – real growth rate

-2.5% (2017 est.)
-2.6% (2016 est.)
0.9% (2015 est.)

GDP – per capita (PPP)

$6,800 (2017 est.)
$7,200 (2016 est.)
$7,600 (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

Gross national saving

28.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.5% of GDP (2015 est.)

GDP – composition, by end use

household consumption: 80.6% (2017 est.)

government consumption: 15.6% (2017 est.)

investment in fixed capital: 10.3% (2017 est.)

investment in inventories: -1.2% (2017 est.)

exports of goods and services: 25.4% (2017 est.)

imports of goods and services: -30.7% (2017 est.)

GDP – composition, by sector of origin

agriculture: 10.2% (2011 est.)

industry: 61.4% (2011 est.)

services: 28.4% (2011 est.)

Agriculture – products

bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, cassava (manioc, tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish


petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair

Industrial production growth rate

2.5% (2017 est.)

Labor force

12.51 million (2017 est.)

Labor force – by occupation

agriculture: 85%

industry: 15% (2015 est.)

industry and services: 15% (2003 est.)

Unemployment rate

6.6% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

36.6% (2008 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: 0.6%
highest 10%: 44.7% (2000)


revenues: 37.02 billion (2017 est.)

expenditures: 45.44 billion (2017 est.)

Taxes and other revenues

29.3% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)

-6.7% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

Public debt

65% of GDP (2017 est.)
75.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

Fiscal year

calendar year

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

29.8% (2017 est.)
30.7% (2016 est.)

Current account balance

-$1.254 billion (2017 est.)
-$4.834 billion (2016 est.)


$33.07 billion (2017 est.)
$31.03 billion (2016 est.)

Exports – partners

China 61.2%, India 13%, US 4.2% (2017)

Exports – commodities

crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton


$19.5 billion (2017 est.)
$13.04 billion (2016 est.)

Imports – commodities

machinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods

Imports – partners

Portugal 17.8%, China 13.5%, US 7.4%, South Africa 6.2%, Brazil 6.1%, UK 4% (2017)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$17.29 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$23.74 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

Debt – external

$42.08 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$27.14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

Exchange rates

kwanza (AOA) per US dollar –
172.6 (2017 est.)
163.656 (2016 est.)
163.656 (2015 est.)
120.061 (2014 est.)
98.303 (2013 est.)

Energy :: Angola

Electricity access

population without electricity: 15 million (2013)

electrification – total population: 40.5% (2016)
electrification – urban areas: 70.7% (2016)
electrification – rural areas: 16% (2016)

Electricity – production

10.2 billion kWh (2016 est.)

Electricity – consumption

9.036 billion kWh (2016 est.)

Electricity – exports

0 kWh (2016 est.)

Electricity – imports

0 kWh (2016 est.)

Electricity – installed generating capacity

2.613 million kW (2016 est.)

Electricity – from fossil fuels

34% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)

Electricity – from nuclear fuels

0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)

Electricity – from hydroelectric plants

64% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)

Electricity – from other renewable sources

2% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)

Crude oil – production

1.593 million bbl/day (2018 est.)

Crude oil – exports

1.782 million bbl/day (2015 est.)

Crude oil – imports

0 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Crude oil – proved reserves

9.523 billion bbl (1 January 2018 est.)

Refined petroleum products – production

53,480 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Refined petroleum products – consumption

130,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)

Refined petroleum products – exports

30,340 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Refined petroleum products – imports

111,600 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Natural gas – production

3.115 billion cu m (2017 est.)

Natural gas – consumption

821.2 million cu m (2017 est.)

Natural gas – exports

3.993 billion cu m (2017 est.)

Natural gas – imports

0 cu m (2017 est.)

Natural gas – proved reserves

308.1 billion cu m (1 January 2018 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy

20.95 million Mt (2017 est.)

Communications :: Angola

Telephones – fixed lines

total subscriptions: 171,858

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (2018 est.)

Telephones – mobile cellular

total subscriptions: 13,288,421

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 44 (2018 est.)

Telecommunication systems

general assessment: progress in opening up the telecom sector to new competitors, while still retaining a 45% govt. portion of the share; slow progress in LTE network development, with only about 12% of the country covered by network infrastructure; regulator offers 4th service license to be issued for competition, cracks down on informal SIM card sales, and auctions 800MHz spectrum; M-commerce services launch pending (2020)

domestic: only about one fixed-line per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity about 44 telephones per 100 persons (2018)

international: country code – 244; landing points for the SAT-3/WASC, WACS, ACE and SACS fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to other countries in west Africa, Brazil, Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations – 29, Angosat-2 satellite expected by 2021 (2019)

note: the COVID-19 outbreak is negatively impacting telecommunications production and supply chains globally; consumer spending on telecom devices and services has also slowed due to the pandemic’s effect on economies worldwide; overall progress towards improvements in all facets of the telecom industry – mobile, fixed-line, broadband, submarine cable and satellite – has moderated

Broadcast media

state controls all broadcast media with nationwide reach; state-owned Televisao Popular de Angola (TPA) provides terrestrial TV service on 2 channels; a third TPA channel is available via cable and satellite; TV subscription services are available; state-owned Radio Nacional de Angola (RNA) broadcasts on 5 stations; about a half-dozen private radio stations broadcast locally

Internet country code


Internet users

total: 4,353,033

percent of population: 14.34% (July 2018 est.)

Broadband – fixed subscriptions

total: 109,561

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (2018 est.)

Military and Security :: Angola

Military and security forces

Angolan Armed Forces (Forcas Armadas Angolanas, FAA): Army, Navy (Marinha de Guerra Angola, MGA), Angolan National Air Force (Forca Aerea Nacional Angolana, FANA; under operational control of the Army); Rapid Reaction Police (paramilitary) (2019)

Military expenditures

1.6% of GDP (2019)
1.78% of GDP (2018)
2.42% of GDP (2017)
2.95% of GDP (2016)
3.52% of GDP (2015)

Military and security service personnel strengths

the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) are comprised of approximately 107,000 active troops (100,000 Army; 1,000 Navy; 6,000 Air Force); est. 10,000 Rapid Reaction Police
(2019 est.)

Military equipment inventories and acquisitions

most Angolan Armed Forces weapons and equipment are of Russian, Soviet, or Warsaw Pact origin; Russia remains Angola’s top supplier of military hardware, followed by Belarus, China, and Lithuania (2019 est.)

Military service age and obligation

20-45 years of age for compulsory male and 18-45 years for voluntary male military service (registration at age 18 is mandatory); 20-45 years of age for voluntary female service; 2-year conscript service obligation; Angolan citizenship required; the Navy (MGA) is entirely staffed with volunteers (2019)

Transportation :: Angola

National air transport system

number of registered air carriers: 10 (2020)

inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 55

annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 1,516,628 (2018)

annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 78.16 million mt-km (2018)

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

D2 (2016)


102 (2020)

Airports – with paved runways

total: 32 (2020)

over 3,047 m: 8

2,438 to 3,047 m: 8

1,524 to 2,437 m: 10

914 to 1,523 m: 6

Airports – with unpaved runways

total: 70 (2020)

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 17

914 to 1,523 m: 27

under 914 m: 22


1 (2013)


352 km gas, 85 km liquid petroleum gas, 1065 km oil, 5 km oil/gas/water (2013)


total: 2,852 km (2014)

narrow gauge: 2,729 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

123 km 0.600-m gauge


total: 26,000 km (2018)

paved: 13,600 km (2018)

unpaved: 12,400 km (2018)


1,300 km (2011)

Merchant marine

total: 55

by type: general cargo 14, oil tanker 8, other 33 (2019)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Cabinda, Lobito, Luanda, Namibe

LNG terminal(s) (export): Angola Soyo

Transnational Issues :: Angola

Disputes – international

Democratic Republic of Congo accuses Angola of shifting monuments

Refugees and internally displaced persons

refugees (country of origin): 6,448 (Cote d’Ivoire), 5,709 (Mauritania) (2019); 23,258 (Democratic Republic of the Congo) (refugees and asylum seekers) (2020)

Illicit drugs

used as a transshipment point for cocaine destined for Western Europe and other African states, particularly South Africa


Leave a Reply

Next Post


Mon Jan 25 , 2021
Introduction :: Canada Background A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Canada repatriated its constitution from the UK in 1982, severing a final colonial tie. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel […]

You May Like